With the frequency and severity of cyber attacks continuing to rise, Cybersecurity is becoming more important every day. No organization is safe from the looming danger of data breaches that have now become a daily occurrence. It is a known fact that there is a shortage of Cybersecurity professionals.
As the increase of cyber attacks, companies are compelled to seek out professionals who can help protect their websites and servers from harm. Organizations are in desperate need of infosec employees and are readily waiting to snatch them off of the job market. All you need are the right skills. This article will highlight the key skills that you need to be in demand for the vast scope of cyber security jobs.
First of all, one should have a solid foundation of the core technical skills related to administration and management of operating systems, network and, use of virtual machines. Proficiency in programming in various languages (Java, C/C++) and scripting languages (PHP, Python, shell) is a must because they need to apply penetration testing and give developers suggestions on how to edit code according to the outcomes of fuzzing and vulnerability assessment. One needs to be aware of all the attacks utilized by malicious users and be able to prevent them from succeeding at all. A cybersecurity specialist should have an understanding of how network routers, firewalls and, switches work. In-depth knowledge of open source applications, Linux OS, wireless technologies, web application technologies, social engineering, physical security and, database modelling are also some of the basic hardware requirements of people seeking a job in this domain.When listed successively, all these requirements might sound a lot, but trust us that all these requirements are interlinked and will take you a long way in this field.If you are a beginner and are wondering where to start learning this vast collection of skills, we recommend enrolling for our Ethical Hacking and Information Security Analyst courses which will provide you with a professional base to dive into the cybersecurity field. Getting back to the hard skills, specialists also have a set of tools that they use for vulnerability testing frequently, these need to be kept organized and updated.When an ethical hacker dons a black hat for pen testing, they may also need to write and inject code for attacks such as SQL injection and Cross Site Scripting(XSS),one also needs to know what kind of servers and web explorers are vulnerable to which specific type of security attack such as phishing and ransomware.
With the advancements in Machine Learning, organizations are trying to integrate its applications in the security sector. Using Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence to detect security flaws is much faster and efficient than a normal anti-virus scan. Along with these, Cloud security and Internet of Things(IoT) security are the current focus of the infosec industry as they are rapidly evolving and offer massive benefits but at the same time have various security loopholes which have been neglected for far too long. Professionals of cybersecurity, both novices and veterans, must be encouraged to integrate these skills as these are the future of the security domain.
In addition to the aforementioned skills, one also needs to have the skills to be able to work methodically and produce detailed reports. They need to be eager to learn about the new developments in the field and adapt to the changes accordingly. Communication skills are also a necessity to be able to convey the complicated security issues to the management in layman’s terms efficiently. Other than this, the cybersecurity workforce needs to be innovative and ready to collaborate with other people when necessary. These soft skills help lay the groundwork for a long-term career in the infosec industry and must not be neglected.
Stay with the Trend
In order to overcome the shortage of cybersecurity professionals and stay ahead of the hackers, organizations need to hire, train and retain people with the necessary skills. To summarise, the fundamental skills that people in this industry should have include risk management, networking basics, situational awareness and toolkit maintenance so that they are up to date with the current vulnerabilities of the systems and web applications, and have the knowledge of the common standards, practices and, procedures around security.